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Does Boiling Water Remove Fluoride? You may be surprised

Even though a small amount of fluoride in water can actually be good for dental health, this compound in drinking water is not always wanted; this could be the case for persons sensitive for this substance. So, does boiling your water remove fluoride at all?

The short answer to this question is that you cannot remove fluoride from drinking water by boiling. Boiling will actually have an adverse effect; it will cause a more concentrated form of fluoride called fluorine salt.

Since boiling is not advised to remove fluoride from water, let?s take a closer look at some of the methods that can be effective.

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Is Fluoride Bad For You?

This is a topic of debate among may scientists out there. Governments started to add fluoride to the drinking water in the 1940?s, but people are now wondering if this method is outdated. There are several reasons for them to believe this:

  • Toxic properties of fluoride in low doses
  • Poor control of fluoride levels in drinking water
  • Too much fluoride in children?s diets
  • Harmful for the environment
  • Increased risk of hypothyroidism

How To Remove Fluoride From Drinking Water?

There are various methods that can be used to remove fluoride from drinking water. One of the methods is so-called reversed osmosis. Reversed osmosis, also referred to as RO, is able to remove up to 92% of all fluoride in drinking water.

The principle of reverse osmosis is quite straightforward. It basically uses water pressure to push drinking water through filtration, which is a semipermeable membrane. Water will also pass through at least two additional filters called the sediment and the carbon filter.

In addition to fluoride, reverse osmosis filtration actually removes more harmful compounds and contaminants; this may include but is not limited to cadmium, lead, detergent, chlorine, sulfates, pesticides and asbestos.

Is A Reverse Osmosis System Expensive?

Reverse osmosis filtration is actually surprisingly affordable. You do not need lots of space for such a filtration system either, as most RO systems can be installed under the kitchen sink. Of course, there are more elaborate options out there, which can be installed for your entire home. So, if you want fluoride removed from the water throughout the home, then a bigger system might be the better solution.

In general, you will not pay more than 300 dollars for an osmosis system. That being said, it can be subject to the complexity of the system and how much of your home?s water supply you want to remove fluoride from.

How Can I Further Reduce Exposure To Fluoride?

Since there are other places where you can find fluoride these days, it is important to be informed about the main sources. Let?s take a closer look at some of the additional things you can do to avoid fluoride consumption.

Toothpaste alternatives

One of the most common places where you will find fluoride is in commercial toothpaste. Even though fluoride has shown to protect the enamel of your teeth, it does not provide a solution for anyone who has a sensitivity to the compound.

There are some alternatives to regular toothpaste these days, and you will find them at health food stores. That being said, most dentists will recommend using fluoride toothpaste from time to time, as it does protect your teeth against premature damage.

Baby formula

When you make formula with tap water, you could end up with a lot of fluoride in it. On the other hand, most types of bottled water contain too much sodium, which means they cannot be used for formula either. To avoid fluoride and sodium, used bottled water that contains safe levels of these compounds.


This may surprise many people, but many types of black and green tea contain higher levels of fluoride. If you are sensitive to fluoride, it is important to look for alternatives.


Many soda brands also put fluoride in their drinks. This is often unintentional, as fluorinated tap water is used to produce these drinks. So, you will find that many soda drinks have similar levels of fluoride compared to tap water.

Mechanically processed poultry

Chicken where the bones have been removed mechanically can be handy for a quick meal, but they have shown to contain elevated levels of fluoride too. The reason for the higher levels of fluoride is the presence of ground bone particles inside the chicken, which naturally contain more fluoride.


Yes, even medication can contain fluoride and fluorine. People who are sensitive to this compound are not always aware of this, so the tablets that should be making them better are making them worse. If you believe your medication may contain fluoride or fluorine, speak to your doctor for a more suitable alternative.


Surprise! Even the anesthetic used during surgery may contain fluoride. Common anesthetics that are known to contain high levels of fluoride ? which remain in the body for a full day ? include Enflurane, Sevoflurane, and Isoflurane. Nowadays, you can request an anesthetic without fluoride.

Don’t Ban All Fluoride From Your Life

Even though fluoride has obtained a bit of a bad reputation, fluoride still has important functions. It is a mineral that is naturally found in bones and teeth, so it does protect some vital parts of your body. It has the ability to rebuild weakened enamel, but also reduce harmful bacteria in the mouth. So, only reduce fluoride intake if you believe you suffer from related side-effects.

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How to purify water: 14 methods for homes and outdoors

Knowing how to purify water at home and in the outdoors is an essential survival skill. The human body can live for over a month without food, but can only last three to four days without water.

One of the first and primary skills survival experts focus on is how to get access to safe, clean, and drinkable water. Water is so essential that it is important to know how to make water safe and drinkable.

If you live in the United States and you get your water from the city, it is mostly safe to drink. If you have a personal well, it would depend on the location and how deep the well is. When in doubt, you should contact your local authorities for location-specific information.

Table of Contents11. Boiling22. Iodine33. Chlorine44. RO machines55. Gravity filters66. Make a DIY filter77. Pitcher filters88. UV light99. DIY solar distillation (evaporation trap)1010. Survival straws1111. SODIS(solar water disinfection)1212. Ozonation1313. Purifying with plants1414. Sedimentation

how to purify water

How to purify water: 14 methods

The following lists many ways to purify water. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages, and depending on the need, how much prep time you have, and access to materials will determine which method is best for you.

However, no matter what method you use, you will also want to know how other water purification systems work.

1. Boiling

Boiling water is just what is sounds like. You take a pot, fill it with water, add heat until the water boils, and once the water cools it should be safe for drinking. This is a common method for sources of water that may be contaminated with pathogens, bacteria, and other unsafe organisms.

How it works

Boing water kills unsafe pathogens, bacteria, and other unsafe microscopic organisms that may be living in the water. In areas where the water is known to be infected with these harmful microscopic life, it is important at the very least to boil your water.

What does it remove?

Boiling the water kills harmful microscopic organisms that can make people sick if consumed.

How to do it

Boiling water is extremely easy. Some people boil their water just to be safe, even if there is no known pathogens or bacteria issues with the water. You will need a pot to hold the water, and a heat source like a stove. Simply fill the pot with water, and then heat the pot until the water is at a rolling boil. Once the water has cooled again, it is now safe drink.

Advantages and disadvantages

Some of the advantages is that this is super easy to do. Anybody can boil their water if there is a concern that it may be contaminated with harmful microscopic organisms. It requires no special equipment, and everyone should have some way to boil water.

Some of the disadvantages is that people who drink boiled water often complain that the water has a metallic taste. Also, this method only deals with eliminating pathogens, bacteria, and other harmful forms of microscopic organisms.

It will not remove any other pollutants that may be in the water such as mud, chemicals, or other harmful materials. It only kills the potentially harmful microscopic organisms.

2. Iodine

Iodine is another method that has been around for a long time to purify water. Using iodine may not have been around as long as boiling water, but it is still a proven method for purifying water quickly and reliably.

How it works

Iodine either comes in tablets that will dissolve in water or in drops. Iodine is the favored method for purifying water in outdoor wilderness survival type settings.

It works similar to boiling water by being very effective at killing harmful pathogens, bacteria, and other microscopic organisms in the water.

What does it remove

Iodine has been proven to be quite effective at killing pathogens, bacteria, and other microscopic organisms from the water. It does not remove other pollutants, chemicals, and other harmful substances in the water.

How to do it

To purify water using iodine, simply dissolve an iodine tablet into water, or put a few drops into the water depending on how your iodine is packaged. There are instructions on how much water should be used per drop or tablet, and should be on the container that your iodine comes in.

Advantages and disadvantages

Using iodine is quicker and easier than boiling water. So in a wilderness situation there is no need to create a fire or use a propane stove, all you need to do is combine the water and the iodine, and the water should now be safe to drink from pathogens, bacteria, and other harmful microscopic organisms.

This is the preferred method of backcountry hikers, who have access to natural sources of water that are free from pollutants, but may still have some harmful microscopic organism living in the water. Iodine is small and easy to carry, and very quickly the water is safe to drink.

Iodine will not remove any other pollutants from the water. So it is important to have a source of water that is pollutant free, and just needs to be treated for harmful microscopic organisms.

Also iodine can be toxic if taken in large amounts, and some people have an iodine allergy. If someone has an iodine allergy, is pregnant, or has a thyroid issue, then iodine should not be used to purify their water.

Also, it can discolor and change the taste of the water. Many find this unpleasant enough, to discourage use of iodine to purify their water.

3. Chlorine

Chlorine plays a major role in most modern water purification systems for cities and other municipal water sources. It has become essential to treat most municipal water systems, and may be used in a survival situation carefully when a source of water may have become compromised.

How it works

Chlorine is an efficient choice to kill harmful microorganisms that could be living in the water. It if effective enough for large scale use, and may even be used in survival situations.

Chlorine works by killing the harmful pathogens, bacteria, and other microscopic organisms that can be living in the water.

What does it remove

While it kills deadly microscopic organisms that may be contaminating the water, it does not remove any particles or other pollutants.

So using chlorine to purify the water may need to be treated also to remove any other pollutants that would still render the water unsafe to drink.

How to do it

If the water cannot be boiled, and there is no access to iodine, then regular household bleach can be used to make water safe to drink from harmful microscopic organisms.

However this must be done with great care because too much can be harmful. Using unscented laundry detergent, or unscented bleach is the yields the best results. It takes about 8 drops of bleach per five gallons of water.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of this method are that it will definitely kill all of the pathogens, bacteria, and other microscopic life that could be harmful if consumed.

If mixed properly and in the right amounts it also does not significantly alter the taste of the water. Most cities use chlorine in their municipal water systems, because it does not change the look of the water, and does not alter the taste of the water. Because of this, cities use chlorine with some type of filtration system to take care of their cities water.

The biggest disadvantages to using chlorine long term to purify your source of water is that there may be some long term health effects of consuming to much chlorine.

This is an emerging area of research, but some experts warn that chlorine in the water could be leading to some serious health concerns. Also, chlorine does nothing to filter out other pollutants in the water.

4. RO machines

Reverse Osmosis (RO) machines used a water pump, and a semi permeable membrane to rid the water of pollutants.

How it works

Reverse osmosis machines are whole-house, under-counter, or countertop appliances. It is not a passive system, but uses a pump to build up water pressure to force the water across a semi permeable membrane.

This removes many of the microscopic organisms that are in the water as well as many pollutants that are in the water.

What does it remove

It removes from the water most of the pathogens, bacteria, and other harmful organisms in the water. While it does not kill these microscopic organism, it may remove some of a certain size (depending on the type of filter). It also removes many of the pollutants that are in the water as well, such as fluoride, chlorine, sediments, salt, pollutants, herbicides, and pesticides.

How to do it

Using a water pump the machine pumps the water across a semi permeable membrane. As the water if forced across this membrane it leaves behind various pollutants. Some of these machines can take out some microscopic organisms if they are large enough, however most machines do not.

Advantages and disadvantages

If you are getting your water from some type of city municipal water system, then it should already be treated for harmful microscopic organisms. This system will then take out other unwanted contaminants such as sediments, chlorine, and fluoride.

While this works great if you live in a city or there is another water purification system that is already at work, this is not enough to be the sole means of purifying water.

It needs to be used in conjunction with another system that will clean out the harmful microscopic organisms. Also it needs a reliable source of electricity to work, which may not readily be available in a survival situation.

5. Gravity filters

A gravity filter uses gravity to pull water through a filter which is used to purify the water. The process can be time consuming, and the materials may be somewhat expensive.

Also, this is possible as a DIY project, and many people in long term survival like situations will use some type of gravity filter for their long term water needs.

How it works

A gravity filter simply uses gravity to pull water through a filter. This is a passive yet time consuming activity when done correctly should yield perfectly good drinking water.

The concept of a gravity filter is similar to how the earth purifies water over time. In nature as water sinks through layers of soil, rocks, and other substrate, the water is slowly cleaned.

When the water eventually emerges in a natural artesian spring it is pure, and generally safe to drink without being treated further.

What does it remove

A gravity filter will remove pollutants and all types of particulate matter. If constructed properly it should also be able to remove many bacteria and some microscopic organisms.

How to do it

You can buy portable gravity filtration systems, that require no power. This is ideal in any survival situation, or for living off the grid. If you are in a situation where you need to create your own gravity filter, then you can create your own relatively easily. You would need at least two containers, one on top of each other.

The bottom container catches the water once it has gone through your gravity filter. The top container should feed into the bottom container, and this should have all of your layers that your water that should pass through.

It should have a mix of layers such as charcoal and stones, this will be the filters that the water will slowly pass through.

This takes a little bit of trial and error at first to get right, but you can also consult the internet where many people have, put up detailed plans for free. Also, many reputable vendors sell high quality gravity filters.

Advantages and disadvantages

One of the greatest advantage of the gravity filter is that it can be built with relatively inexpensive materials, and is the most natural way to purify water. Also, there are some great table top gravity filters that are available for sale online.

The gravity filter requires no power, and as long as you have time, then it is an extremely efficient water purification system.

The biggest disadvantage is that it will remove most but not all potentially harmful organisms. Also, the homemade versions tend to be fairly large and are not easily portable.

The ones that are available for sale has changeable filters that tend to be expensive, and the filters need to be replaced regularly to remain effective.

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6. Make a DIY filter

It is fun and easy to make your own water filter at home. You can use items that you most likely have lying around the house to make a water filter that will get a lot of dirt and other pollutants out of your drinking water.

How it works

This DIY filter is going to use gravity and some materials you most likely have already to make a filter. First you are going to gather a soda bottle, a coffee filter, some cotton balls, activated carbon (or charcoal), sand, and some small pebbles. Now even if you do not have these items at home they are readily available.

The activated carbon may be the hardest to find. However, you can either make your own with some charcoal (and other ingredients), or buy some at any local pet store.

What does it remove

This DIY filter should remove all the big stuff out of the water. It should clean out all of the dirt, sediment, and other large pollutants from the water.

It will not address harmful microscopic organisms or harmful chemicals that may be in the water. So if this is used to drink pond water for instance, then this should still be boiled first to kill all of the harmful microorganisms.

How to do it

Cut off the bottom of the soda bottle and turn it upside down. Open the soda bottle and but the coffee filter over the nozzle of the bottle to keep everything in the bottle and to have a bit of extra filtration.

Then create a layer with the cotton balls, a layer of activated carbon, a layer of sand, and a layer of small pebbles. Once all your layers are in place, the filter is ready to be used.

Since the bottle is upside down it should be hung and allowed to drain into a bucket or bowl.

Advantages and disadvantages

The greatest advantage to this method is that anyone can do this. It is a cheap and easy filter than anyone can make with a little bit of work, and a quick trip to the store. This is a great DIY project if a situation arises that calls for being able to purify water at home.

The biggest disadvantage to this is that is a painfully slow method of filtration, and the water will still need to be boiled or treated to deal with potential microorganisms that could be harmful. However this is an effective water filter, and it is a great DIY project to learn more about how water filtration works.

7. Pitcher filters

A pitcher filter uses some type of ceramic or carbon filtration system that is inside of a water pitcher. This is probably the most common type of water filter. They are a convenient and relatively quick way to enjoy good quality filtered water.

How it works

A pitcher filter works by using a filter element that is embedded into the top of the filter. Water is poured into the top of the pitcher where it is then passed through a filter to the bottom of the pitcher.

After the water is gone from the filter section, then the pitcher is ready to use. The filter element is typically made of activated carbon and works through absorption, and the filter must be replaced every few months or so.

What does it remove

This will remove large sediments and pollutants. It will normally not remove any type of microscopic organisms. However if there is a heavy water issue such as lead, copper, or mercury in the water then this is a great solution to remove large pollutants from the water.

How to do it

A pitcher filter needs to be bought from a store or other online vendor. It is similar to a gravity filter as it uses gravity to pull the water though its filter, but it will not filter as many things out of the water as a good gravity filter.

Advantages and disadvantages

In terms of convenience the pitcher filter is one of the best options. The pitcher filter if very popular, especially for people in cities who have access to municipal water that have been treated for microbes, but want to remove things that municipal water systems do not deal with such as certain metals, chlorine, fluoride, or other materials that could be in the water.

8. UV light

UV Light purifies water that may be unsafe because of microscopic organisms using ultraviolet light. This is a water filtration system that does not deal with pollutants, but deals exclusively with microorganism.

How it works

It uses ultra violet light that is harmful to microorganisms that may be in the water. It scrambles the microorganisms DNA so that they are no longer able to reproduce.

The biggest danger in drinking water contaminated with microorganisms is that when many of them find their way into a person?s digestive track they settle down and begin to reproduce.

This can lead to a person drinking the water infested with these microbes to become sick or even seriously ill. The ultra violet light renders the organisms unable to reproduce, and they will simply pass through your system.

What does it remove

It does not truly remove anything. Instead it sterilizes the microorganisms that could be in the water, so that they cannot reproduce inside of a person and make them sick.

How to do it

This is not a do it yourself type of project. This is something that is going to need to be bought from a retailer that specializes in producing ultra violet light to treat the water for microorganisms.

Advantages and disadvantages

While if you already have access to water that is free from pollutants, and only need to deal with a microorganism contamination issue, then this is a great solution. It does not take a lot of power, and it leaves in some health microbes that are actually healthy for the human body to consume.

The main disadvantage is that it is not actually taking anything out of the water, or adding anything that could be helpful. This needs to be paired with some other type of water filtration system that will take out all of the other pollutants in the water.

9. DIY solar distillation (evaporation trap)

Knowing how to use solar distillation to create your own evaporation trap can be crucial in a life or death survival situation. The evaporation trap, uses a process that takes place naturally on earth, that naturally filters water of both pollutants and microbes. It can be made with a variety of materials that could easily be available in a survival situation.

How it works

It works by using evaporation to naturally separate water form contaminants, pollutants, and microbes. It uses the sun to heat the water and cause it to boil off as steam. Then a collector is used to collect the pure clean water, while the contaminants tend to rest on the sides of the evaporation trap.

What does it remove

An evaporation trap will remove both microbes and pollutants is used correctly. A evaporation trap does not make a lot of water, but in a survival situation even a little bit of water can make the difference between life and death.

How to do it

While you can buy a solar distillation (evaporation trap) commercially as a survival kit that you can take with you for emergency situations, an evaporation trap is something that you can easily make on your own from materials readily on hand.

This can be made by digging a hole and using a tarp, or using some water bottles duct tapped together. There are a lot of great DIY evaporation trap projects online.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantage is that with a little bit of knowledge, and some very common materials there should always be access to reliable water no matter what conditions are going on.

While this is not the easiest way to get purified water, with a bit of practice this can be a reliable source of water in even the harshest conditions.

10. Survival straws

A survival stray is a device that can used to drink water from almost any source. It is often used by those who engage in outdoor wilderness activities who may be far from more reliable sources of water. It is a great tool to be a part of any survival kit, and can mean the difference between life and death in survival situations.

How it works

The survival straw works through suction. When a person sucks on the straw it draws the water up through a microfiber filtration device that removes contaminants. This is a powerful tool that uses a natural suction power to filter a source of water, and makes it safe for its user to drink.

What does it remove

The survival straw removes bacteria, parasites, and microplastics. It does not remove salt and other dissolvable substances that may be in the water.

How to do it

The survival straw is not a DIY project and should be purchased from a reputable vendor. These durable and lightweight survival tools last a long time, and most are good for slurping up over 1,000 gallons of water before needing to be replaced.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantage of this product is that it is extremely portable, and can easily be packed to be used in any type of survival situation. It may not be able to purify salty water, but in a pinch it can be used to safely drink many natural put unsafe sources of water that may be encountered.

The main disadvantage is that you will need to pack this beforehand. This is not something you can build on your own, and will need to be purchased in advance.

Also, the survival straw is useless for taking out substances that fully dissolve in water such as salt. It will not be good for purifying ocean water, or recycling urine.

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11. SODIS(solar water disinfection)

Solar water disinfection developed in the 1980?s to be an inexpensive solution to purifying water. It uses a clear plastic bottle and the sun to purify water from potentially harmful micro biological organisms.

How it works

The procedure is relatively straight forward and easy to execute. Simply fill a plastic bottle or other container with the water you wish to purify. Close the bottle then give it a good shake to oxygenate the water, and then place the bottle out in the sun. Leave the bottle out for around six hours on a sunny day, and up to 2 days if it is cloudy.

The ultra violet light from the sun, and heating up the water should make the water safe from dangerous microbes that may be in the water.

What does it remove

The process of solar disinfection should damage any microscopic organisms that are in the water, and render the hazardous microbes harmless. They will still be in the water, but they will no longer be able to cause disease by reproducing in the body.

How to do it

Solar disinfection is an easy process to do, and can be done with items that should be readily on hand. In a survival situation keeping a plastic bottle on hand can come in handy.

If there is a water source that needs to be made safe for drinking, then it is easy enough to do use solar disinfection as long as a bottle is handy and the sun is cooperating.

This has also been used in developing nations as a means to disinfect large quantities of water for drinking, to help stop the spreading of infectious diseases from pathogens, bacteria, and other microbes in the drinking water.

Advantages and disadvantages

The biggest advantage of this method is that it can be used to make a lot of water, and to make it relatively passively. You are only limited by the amount of clear plastic bottles you can find, and by the amount of sunlight you have during the day.

Once you set up the solar disinfection system, it frees you up for at least 6 hours or so to do other tasks. Also, in many countries where there are no reliable water treatment services this method has literally saved thousands of lives.

Perhaps the biggest drawback to this method is if there are other concerns with the water besides microorganisms. If there are other pollutants in the water such as loose sediments, fluoride, chlorine, fertilizers, herbicides, or other chemicals, then this method will not clear them out of the water.

The water will have to be filters by some other means as well to get those pollutants out. Also, it does take about two days when the weather is cloudy, so it is not the most efficient method for purifying water.

12. Ozonation

Ozonation is a process by which ozone is added to water by a ozonation machine. Ozone, also known as molecular oxygen, is the most stable form of oxygen, with oxygen being chemically bonded to itself. Ozone has a lot of purported health benefits.

How it works

Ozone is added to water by treating the water in a machine that is designed to add ozone to the water through a process of electrical discharge.

This process would happen naturally in the environment by a high electrical discharge such as a lightening strike. However, an ozonation machine can be used to create this type of water.

What does it remove

This process can be used to add a negative charge to the water, which may have some health benefits, and it is also very useful at dealing with harmful microorganism without adding harmful chemicals.

How to do it

You can purchase a ozonation machine for home use. This is a system that needs to be plugged in to be used, and so in a survival situation it will not be of much use. However, many people have a countertop machine at home, and enjoy this water very much.

Advantages and disadvantages

The biggest advantage to this method is treating the water for dangerous microorganisms without having to use harmful chemicals, boiling the water, or other methods to deal with the potential dangerous microorganisms.

Also, many enjoy the taste of this type of treated water, and there may be some great health benefits as well.

The biggest drawback to this method of course is that it is a fairly large appliance that needs to be plugged in to do its job. This can be a real setback in a survival situation, but it should be fine for regular home use.

13. Purifying with plants

It is a little known fact that certain plants can be used to make water safe to drink from potentially harmful microorganisms.

How it works

Purifying water with plants works by soaking the plants in the water. This releases naturally occurring antimicrobial substances into the water, that kill the harmful microorganisms. This will make your water safe to drink form harmful microorganisms.

What does it remove

This method will deal with harmful pathogens, bacteria, and other microscopic organisms. However it will not deal with dirt, sediments, or other pollutants in the water.

How to do it

There are a variety of plants that will purify water when soaked and these include:

  • Banana Peels
  • Fruit Peels
  • Jackfruit Seeds
  • Reeds
  • Bulrushes
  • Rice
  • Coconuts
  • Java Plum Seed
  • Moringa Oleifera
  • Oregon Grape
  • Other Citrus Fruits

Advantages and disadvantages

The biggest advantage to this method is that it naturally deals with harmful microorganisms in the water, and often adds a nice flavor to the water.

This takes extensive knowledge of local plants, or access to these from a local grocery store. However, it is a great way to add flavor and improve the quality of your water, especially for at home use.

The biggest disadvantage to this technique is that in a survival situation a vast knowledge of identifying wild plants is needed. Identifying plants in the wild is not east.

Also, many of these plants are specific to certain geographic locations, so unless you are in the right place, at the right time, then this may not help much.

14. Sedimentation

Sedimentation is a physical water treatment process that uses gravity to remove pollutants such as rocks, dirt, and other large solids form water.

How it works

This process takes place sedimentation tanks or basins. As dirty water if brought into the basins it is moved through the tank with a steady current. As the water passes through the sedimentation tank large solids settles to the bottom of the tank.

As the water moves out to the sedimentation tank it leaves these large pollutants at the bottom of the tank, and the cleaned water is now ready for further treatment and filtration. This is usually one of the first steps in a large municipal water treatment procedure.

What does it remove

It removes large pollutants such as dirt, rocks, and other large solids from the water. However the water is still not fit to drink, and must be further processed for both harmful microorganisms, and further filtered for other solids that may still be in the water.

How to do it

This process takes advantage of a physical property where sediments in water tend to sink to the bottom of a tank. This allows the a layer of sediment (or muck) at the bottom of the tank to be separated from the partially cleaned water near the top of the tank.

This is accomplished through a mechanical device actually scraping away the muck at the bottom of the tank, and the cleaner water flowing out of the tank. After the water passes through several of these types of tanks it should be ready for further processing.

Advantages and disadvantages

The biggest advantage of this method is that it takes advantage of the physical properties of sediments in waters tendency to sink to the bottom.

Once this system is set up, it can go a long time without further maintenance, and makes it easier for further filtration and dealing with any harmful microbes that may be in the water.

The biggest drawback to this method is that it takes large tanks to make this practical, and the water is still not considered safe to drink after going through sedimentation, and will still need further processing.

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Learning how to make water safe is an important survival skill. Whether you are at home or outdoors it is vital to understand how to purify any source of water.

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My Water Tastes Like Metal! HELP! What now?

In this modern day and age, a lot of people have zero problems drinking water from the tap. That being said, that does not mean that your water supply is completely flawless. In fact, water can sometimes taste unusual.

One of the common problems you may encounter is water having a metal taste. So, what causes a problem like this? And is there anything you can do about this metal taste? Be sure to read on to find out.

Why Does Water Taste Metallic?

Your water supplier can add a number of chemicals to your drinking water. Naturally, these chemicals are safe to drink under current laws. That being said, certain chemicals put inside water can react with your plumbing and give your water a metallic, bitter taste.

One of the chemicals that can react with the plumbing in your home is chlorine. In fact, some homeowners will not describe it as a metallic taste, but as a chlorine taste. In this case, the cause of the metallic taste is pretty obvious.

In addition to the interactions of chlorine, there are minuscule amounts of metals in your drinking water. These trace metals often come from plumbing; this can include copper, iron, lead, nickel, and manganese. If your plumbing is relatively old, this could also explain why your drinking water tastes like metal.

So, what about people who live in newly built homes? Does this mean they cannot get water that tastes a little metallic? They still can. However, the cause is often down to chlorine interaction or due to the fact you are getting so-called soft water.


How Do I Test My Water Supply?

When you want to test your water supply, the first thing you need to ask yourself is what will you be testing your water for. There can be many contaminants in the water, even in water that is considered safe for consumption.

There are independent services you can obtain to test your water supply, which can provide you with a detailed overview of contaminants over the course of time. In addition to that, you can also obtain individual test kits, which can test your drinking water for certain chemicals such as chlorine, but also for pesticides, lead, and bacteria.

Before you use a test kit, it is certainly recommended to test the accuracy of the test kit and its reputation. Not all test kits are accurate, and some have a poor reputation when it comes down to delivering accurate results. So, always check out the various options online before you commit to a specific brand.

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What Can I Do If My Water Supply Has A Metallic Taste?

While a metallic taste in the drinking water can be an inconvenience for those who drink their tap water, it usually is no cause for concern. Your drinking water provider has to test your water supply on a regular basis, so drinking water should always be safe to drink.

Naturally, if the metallic taste of the water seriously bothers you, there are some things you can do about it. The first point of reference is looking at the age of the plumbing inside your home. If you are not quite certain about the age of the plumbing, you could also look at the overall age of the home. In most cases, the age of the plumbing coincides with that of the house.

Replacing the entire plumbing system inside your home can be quite an investment, but for older homes that is usually one of the solutions that will be put forward. That being said, metallic water may be limited to one of the taps inside your home. In this case, you need to look at the problem in a more local manner.

When a specific tap in the home is responsible for producing water with a metallic taste, it is a good idea to look at taps that contain either a synthetic or a non-phenolic washer.

You could also choose a tap with a higher-quality filter, which enables the removal of those trace metals we mentioned earlier. It can also be an alternative to replacing the entire plumbing system in your home. That being said, always consider that a filter on your tap can only do so much, especially if your home?s plumbing is quite old.

What If The Metallic Taste Is Not Caused By The Water?

A metallic taste in the mouth is not necessarily caused by the water, as this is also a common symptom people experience. In most cases, it is a reaction to something. To ensure you have a full overview of the possible causes, we have described the most common causes of a metallic taste in the mouth below.

Oral hygiene

If you have poor oral hygiene, the metallic taste in the mouth could be caused by some dental issues. For example, anyone who suffers from gum problems and tooth infections are likely to experience the metallic taste in the mouth. However, once the oral problems disappear, the metallic taste will go too.

Medications and supplements

There are a number of medications and supplements that could cause a metallic taste in the mouth too. Common medications that are known to cause this side-effect include tetracycline, allopurinol, and many mental health medications such as anti-depressants. When a medication can dry out the mouth and cause problems with your taste buds, it usually falls into the category of medications that cause a metallic taste in the mouth.

Taking certain vitamins and supplements can have a similar effect on the body. For example, if you take a multivitamin with lots of copper, zinc and chromium, then a metallic taste in the mouth could most definitely occur.

Upper respiratory infections

Since upper respiratory infections can influence your sense of smell and taste, they can also create a metallic taste in the mouth. Evidently, it means that a metallic taste in the mouth could occur throughout an upper respiratory infection. However, it usually disappears as soon as the infection subsides.

Chemotherapy or radiation

Cancer treatments can have some serious side-effects. One of the side-effects that may occur as a result of chemotherapy or radiation is a metallic taste in the mouth. Even though physicians will attempt to reduce side-effects from chemotherapy as well as radiation, a metallic taste in the mouth is one of those side-effects that is difficult to address.


It is less known that dementia can cause a metallic taste in the mouth as well. When someone suffers from dementia, the brain becomes affected. The taste buds are connected to the brain by certain nerves. When those nerves or that part of the brain becomes impacted, then dementia sufferers can experience the described metallic taste.

When You Should Speak To Your Doctor

If you have eliminated the possible causes of the metallic taste in your drinking water, and if it is a problem you alone seem to experience, it is always best to speak to your physician.

Remember, a metallic taste can have an underlying cause, which can be medical in nature. So, when in doubt about the cause of the metallic taste, always get checked out by a doctor to rule out any serious conditions underneath.

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Does water have a taste? And can we taste it?

The subject of taste of water has gone through several debates. Some believe it has a taste while others argue it being tasteless.

Below we will show how the sense of taste perceives the drink of life based on all scientific evidences and laboratory experiments.

If you want the answer early on, then Yes! Water has a taste. And a very appealing one! However the taste (sense) of it depends on two variables.

  1. Human Biology
  2. Water Source

This means that no two waters will taste the same. And no two persons will have similar taste for same water at a particular time.

Let’s look in detail how the above variable affects the taste and how is it related to our neurological cells.

What gives the taste of drinking water?

Pure water is simply a hydrogen atom bonded with two oxygen atoms. However the liquid you drink consists of a lot more than these two elements.

Some of the common mineral compounds that you will find in your drinking glass are magnesium, calcium bicarbonate, sodium sulfate, chloride, and fluoride.

Look for PPM on the label – next time you buy a mineral water bottle. PPM is an abbreviation to “Parts Per Million”. There you will find all the minerals (listed above) and their available quantity.

It is these minerals that add flavor to drinking water. Pure water is tasteless. And we do not drink it pure- we drink mineral water.

All the other added minerals (excluding hydrogen and oxygen) have distant flavors. But our taste buds do not experience them distinctively. In fact we taste all the minerals as a whole.

Primarily, this is because all the minerals are in a dissolved state in the liquid solution and secondly, our buds are not so sensitive to perceive all mineral flavors differently.

In fact, prior to reading this post, perhaps even mineral water and fresh spring aqua may taste the same to you.

Can humans taste water?

A 2017 study (by a research panel in a distinguished university) was carried out to answer the above question. It was found that water tastes “sour” to your tongue. And this is because of the added minerals which are present in the it.

The human body is highly evolved to be keenly aware of different flavors. A human tongue (made up of taste sensitive cells) can have 10000 taste buds! These allow us to differentiate different waters’ tastes if you focus while drinking.

However there are other factors too which affect the way it tastes to you.

The receptor cells in humans are pretty advanced as compared to other biological beings. These cells give us 4 major stimulations.

  • bitter
  • sweet
  • sour
  • salty

The interesting part is that these four connects to different parts in your brain. And at some events your taste is affected by how your perceive it mentally. A technique called optogenetics – (study of human brain via light) suggest that your emotional reactions associated with those sensations can affect your overall perception of any savor.

For example, black is mostly associated with acidic or burnt food and red to chilly nutriments. Hence many a times water’s taste depends on the place or color or other variables with which your brain associate flavors.

Another study claims that water’s taste depends on what you have had just before it. If you had a sweet beverage before water – then it will taste sugary whereas after a packet of nachos it will be a little salty.

The reason is that your buds have memory. They do no forget the the stimulus instantly. Hence the natural mild taste (of water) is unable to overcome the previous heavy flavor of whatever you had.

Metallic Taste in Water

This is the same reason why water tastes metallic and sometimes pretty acrid after a bitter medicine pill. The metallic taste in it is because of the presence of some trace metals contents like iron, manganese, zinc, and copper in your medicine.

The taste buds do not forget the metallic taste and the water tastes the same.

Sometimes even the supply system does affect. These elements can come in your drinking glass after being dissolved as your water comes from the source to your taps. This gives a rather unhealthy flavor. You need to avoid the metallic liquid altogether.

Water Sources and Tastes

Different water sources tastes different. Here are some of the common sources and their flavors.

Spring water?and well water are sourced from natural places. It is sourced either through aquifers beneath the ground or high rising mountains. Minerals collected as it passes along the soils affect the taste, giving it a mild sweet and sour taste. As this is pure and unadulterated a lot of people are opting for waters found naturally near mineral-rich volcanoes and springs.

Alkaline water?is modernly in demand. Alkaline water is treated with naturally occurring, ionized minerals. These mineral make it more alkaline and less acidic and hence a little bittersweet. This kind is also preferred by a lot of people.

Tap water comes from local municipal corporation to your house. This water is often treated with fluoride and other minerals to protect and clean your teeth. Because of this sometimes tap water gives you a slight bitter shade of taste.

Sparkling water?or fizzy water is added with carbon dioxide (CO2). The fizzy sensation of carbonation makes it a bit acidic and sour in taste. Nowadays even fruit and vegetable flavorings are available.


What does water taste like to dogs?

Although humans (and by extension the human brain) are the most advanced of the lot – there are certain creatures pretty ahead than us. In comparison to humans’ 10000 taste buds, dogs have just 1700 but their buds are very sophisticated. But this does not limit them.

Dogs are believed to have 5 taste simulations.

The four simulations are similar to humans however the fifth is interesting. Scientific experiments on dogs suggest they have special buds for water.

Observe a dog’s tongue as it laps water from a bowl. You will notice that drinking water is not quenching thirst for a dog rather it gives this species a lot of pleasure.

A study conducted in Cummings university of vets claims that these receptors are located at the tip of a dogs tongue. For this reason a dogs tongue curls unusually as they drink water. And the way they enjoy water has earned them the title “messy drinkers”.

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How to test PH of water without a kit: various methods to use

It is possible to do a pH water without using a pH testing kit. Typically, a water pH kit will contain indicator drops, pH test strips, and a pH test meter. Let’s look at how to test the pH of water without a kit.

It’s as easy as buying a bottle of distilled water and red cabbage to make your pH indicator. A water-soluble pigment flavin found in cabbage will give it a red color.

It will only cost you to buy red cabbage and distilled water, and you can quickly test the pH levels and get prompt results that will be sufficient for several households. However, the test may not be accurate enough for testing products intended for commercial use.

In the modern world, you can quickly check the pH of water at home. By testing it, you can know if it is acidic or alkaline. Monitoring and keeping the pH value of water in your fish pond and tanks will help stabilize the growth of fish.

Note that fish can?t thrive on acidic or highly alkaline water.

Today, some drinking water brands will brand their products and include the pH value of on their labels. You can utilize the values to calibrate your pH meter from 0 to 14.

How to test pH of water without a kit: methods

1. Test the pH levels using a red cabbage

Grate or cut the red cabbage. Place it in a clear glass bowl. Use a separate post to boil about two cups of distilled water.

Once hot, pour it over the cabbage and make sure you just cover it. While using a wooden spoon for stirring, leave the mixture to settle for about 30 minutes.

A chemical reaction will take place, making the pigment to change color of distilled water. After that, strain the liquid that is already purplish. The liquid will act as your indicator solution.

Place a little amount of the water you are testing in a different clear glass or plastic clean container?add few drops of the indicator solution in the water you want to test.

The water color changes to show either acidic (red or pink), alkaline ( greenish-yellow), or neutral (purple) color measurement. Check the change color you get against the color chart and establish the numerical value matching the color on the pH scale.

Numbers on a pH scale scale range between 0 to 14. Pure water will have a pH value of 7, meaning it is neutral. Any number below 7 indicates acidic pH level, while numbers beyond seven will indicate an alkaline level.

Alternatively, you can try it out with other vegetables and fruits to develop a pH indicator solution. You can try using plums, red onion, blueberries, apple skins, and turmeric or petals from red roses.

Additionally, you can make the pH testing strips from a cabbage juice indicator. Using a filter paper or acidic-free art paper. Put the paper in the cabbage juice indicator you already have. Make sure you soak the paper until it is thoroughly wet.

Remove the paper and give it time to dry on a neutral environment free from alkaline condensation or acids. Once completely dry, cut the paper into strips. You can utilize a cotton swab for smearing a sample of the water you need to test on the testing strip. Then match the color of the piece to the pH color chart.

2. What household items be used to test PH?

The following household items can be used in testing:

  • Coffee filters
  • Cabbage juice
  • Ceramic dish
  • Cotton swabs
  • Red onions
  • Blueberries
  • Plums
  • Apple or grape skin
  • Turmeric
  • Baking soda
  • Petals from red roses

Other methods for testing the pH of water

The following methods are applicable in testing the water

  1. Use of a litmus paper
  2. Use of a pH meter
  3. Use of pH test strips
  4. Using a universal indicator chart and a pH solution.

1. Test with a pH meter

The use of a digital meter is a more accurate way of testing if you water is acidic or basic. Testing your water reduces the chances of errors while testing it.

People will always see colors differently, and the person testing might not choose the right color. The meter will also remove any chance of contamination in case of mishandling the test strips, storage issues, or use of strips that are out of date that would affect the accuracy of your reading.

A pH meter is better since it doesn’t depend on color changes; instead, it measures the amount of acid in water once you dip the glass electrode in water.

It will show you the numerical pH value. To ascertain the value is right, you can verify the accuracy of the meter using an establish a pH substance before performing it. Once you confirm the meter, rinse the end with deionized water and dry it using a clean tissue or cloth.

Once you have put your test water in a small container, let it settle for a few minutes so that the temperature can stabilize. Noting that temperature affects the pH, it will be essential to determine the temperature of the water using a thermometer.

Compare the temperature with that of the default meter temperature, then input the water temperature into the meter. Place the probe into the water sample, ensuring it is completely covering the tip of the probe. Wait for a short moment for the meter reading to be stable.

Pure water has a pH of around 7. A pH of less than 7 shows acidic water, while alkaline or basic water will have a pH of more than 7.

Before using the pH probe and meter for testing the pH, you should test the meter in a substance that has a well-known pH rating to calibrate it. For instance, you know pure water has a pH of 7. If need be, adjust the meter accordingly. Before you do the pH test, ensure you rinse the probe and meter in clean water and wipe it dry with a tissue.

Ensure you put the liquid to be tested in a clean container that is big enough to cover the tip of the probe. Using a thermometer, check the temperature of the sample liquid and adjust the meter so that it matches the sample temperature.

This will be a vital step since temperature affects the sensitivity of the probe. Place the probe in the sample and wait for the measurement to get steady, which shows the meter has reached the equilibrium. You can now readily record the pH value of your sample.

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Testing water pH using a pH meter

Several brands of pH meter are available in the market, which would help test the pH of your water at home. This is how to do it.

  1. Put about 100 ml of the water you want to test in a glass.
  2. Place the pH meter in the glass for about one minute.
  3. You will see the pH value of water on the pH meter display.
  4. Since this is a piece of electronic equipment, you will need to check and correct pH meter reading at regular intervals.

Calibration powder and water with the right pH value printed on the labels can be useful while calibrating the meter. Most of the pH meter will give you a calibration powder along with its package.

2. Using a universal indicator chart and PH solution to test the water

You can quickly test it using a universal indicator chart and a pH solution. You can quickly obtain a pH solution from online shops or nearby aquarium shops. Using the color value, you can identify the pH value.

  1. Put about 10 ml of the water you want to test in a small glass container.
  2. Add five drops of pH solution to the water in the container
  3. Ensure the solution is thoroughly mixed with water
  4. Compare the test tube color with that of the color strip and get the water pH value.
  5. Empty and clean the test tube for future use.

You can easily test the pH of water in your pet fish tank or aquarium using this method.


3. Testing the pH value using a litmus paper

It is an ancient way of testing water to find its pH, although many people are still using it. Even though it doesn’t give very accurate value, you can easily determine if the water is alkaline, neutral, or acidic.


  1. Get a red and a blue strip
  2. Put the strip in the water you want to test
  3. In case the water is alkaline, the red litmus paper turns blue while the red litmus paper won?t change.
  4. If the water is neutral, there will be no color change in either the red or the blue paper.

The pH testing strips come with a series of indicator bar which changes the color with change after exposure to a given solution. Also, note that the strength of the bases and acids on every bar will differ. Get your sample liquid and put it in a container while making sure the sample is deep to cover the testing strip.

Dip it into the sample for a little time until the bars on the paper change the color. Match the tip of your test strip with the color of the chart that comes with the paper to identify the pH level of the liquid.

Choosing the right kind of testing kit

Litmus papers you purchase gives only either acidic or alkaline response. The litmus paper comes in blue or red. The red litmus paper will change color to blue if the water is base or alkaline, while a blue litmus paper turns red in acidic water. In case the water is pure, on a neutral pH of 7, the color of the litmus paper won?t change.

Using a pH testing kit will be more accurate, unlike the litmus paper. The pH testing kit will give a more accurate result that clearly defines the level of acidic or basic of a particular substance. Put the pH testing strip in a glass tube or plastic.

Add the water you are testing to cover the pH test strip. After a short moment, remove the test strip and compare the color to that on the pH color chart.

The testing strip will need to be kept dry at room temperature. The expiration of the strips will always be shown on the color chart, usually 3-6 weeks.

How does water become alkaline or acidic?

Water with neutral pH has a better taste. It is not only healthy for consumption but also your household items. Contamination by pesticides, acid rain, and minerals from rocks as well as metal leaching from pipes affects the pH of water. Depending on the pH level, the alkaline water might have a bitter taste and also cause corrosion on your pipes.

Water with a pH value above nine will corrode zinc, copper, iron, and brass too. That explains why you find deposits on your dishes and have difficulty using soup with hard alkaline water. Acidic water will have a sour taste.

If your water has a pH value below 6.5, it is likely to have toxic levels of metals, including manganese and iron. Also, pipe breakdown can result from acidic water and leach metals from your pipes. You can even notice stains that are bluish on your laundry.

How can you neutralize water pH

Acidic substances are used to neutralize base alkaline water, while alkaline substances are used to neutralize the acidic water. Here are some of the ways to neutralize the pH of water at your home.

Place a filter at the point where water enters your home. Use calcium carbonate to neutralize alkaline water. Also, magnesium oxide is a substance used to neutralize acidic water.

You can install an injection system at the point where water enters your home. Soda ash is effective in neutralizing acidic water. Also, acetic acid like the one found in vinegar, alum, or citric acid can be used to neutralize high alkaline levels of water. However, the injection system will require intense maintenance, unlike a filtering system.

A water distillation system is useful in neutralizing the acidic pH for your drinking water. The distillers will heat and eliminate any acidic particles and form steam, free from the acid.

Utilization of electrolysis method in a water ionizer system. It is useful in separating acidic and alkaline parts of water. The alkaline water is healthy for drinking while the acidic water can be used for cleaning and washing. Ionizers are expensive, unlike the neutralizing solutions and neutralizing filters.

All living organisms have a PH condition

Everything, including your body and the saliva in your mouth, has a pH value. Note that the health of gums and teeth can be affected by the pH of your saliva. At a pH level of 5.5 or below, the production of bacteria in your mouth would result in tooth decay. The same applies to your entire body.

So it is worth endeavoring to drink water that is pure or close to pure as much as you can. While eating acidic foods, take a few sips of pure water to rinse the acid from your mouth. You can rinse your mouth with soda water, then rinse it using pure water.


You can do phtest of water at home easily using the above methods without using a kit. Ensure that you calibrate the pH meter at regular intervals to obtain a perfect reading. Using either of the above methods to check the pH value will help ensure the pH are the same and accurate.

You can apply lime treatment to raise the pH of the water. You can also reduce the pH of the water using a light acid such as vinegar.

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What is the ph of deionized water? And how it’s measured

Deionized water is the one processed by your RO filters. It tries to neutralize your drinking water.

Demands for pure neutral water is increasing because of excess minerals in tap water. These excess minerals are not required by the body and creates an acidic environment.

Reverse Osmosis – RO – maintains the amount of minerals and balances the pH of H2O.

pH stands for “power of hydrogen”. Did you notice a capital “H” in H2O? Most of the acid – base science is concentrated just there.

The pH scale – ranging from 0 – 14 actually indicates the concentration of hydrogen ions. 0 is highly acidic. As the numbers increase the acidity decreases finally reaching 7 which is neutral. From 8 to 14 alkaline values are determined.

Lesser hydrogen ions will give you an increased number in the pH scale and more ions will decrease the pH values. In simple words – less hydrogen ions means low acidic – and more neutral water.

Now the term “Deionization” should sound familiar to you. Your RO systems – basically decreases the amounts of ions in your drinking water – giving you a neutral?liquid. So yes! Deionized water pH is 7 (neutral).

Today RO systems are widely used to balance water acidity and to decease minerals concentration. You can also distill water – which was the traditional water brewing method. Distilled water will also give you neutral water. However Deionization is more effective and cheaper.

Is there a difference between distilled and deionized water?

Deionized and distilled water are produced by different methods. However the purpose of both the methods remain same – i.e to purify the liquid to highest standards.

Distilled water can be more pure than Deionized – but it is not just purity which matters for drinking purposes. So regardless of the fact – RO purified deionized water is more healthier.

How is water Deionized?

RO purifiers have a dual purifying process.

Generally water has two kinds of impurities – organic and inorganic. The organics are eliminated via different filtering methods. High quality RO membranes use carbon filters which work best. This is the first step of purification.

After this treatment the machine deionizes the liquids through ion exchange resins. These resins remove all types of ionized salts and minerals from the solution.

The machine has types of resins: cation and anion. Cations attract positive ions and anions attract the negative ones.

This dual filtration process can technically remove all contaminants making drinking water healthier and balanced on charges.

Distilling water

Distillation is the old school method, in which the liquid is first boiled to evaporate and then re-condensed again. Water vapors are collected in sterile containers and then cooled back in these containers itself.

In comparison to the minerals present – water turns into steam pretty quickly. So the minerals (salts and other solid solutes) are left behind in the original container – and pure water vapors collected in isolated containers are again turned back into water.

The resulting water is purer than DI liquid. As almost all the minerals and impurities are removed which are not 100 percent eliminated in the deionization process.

You can repeat the process of distillation to increase the purity of water. Sophisticated distillation techniques can eliminate even the volatile solutes resulting in extreme pure chemically bonded hydrogen and oxygen with no foreign elements.

If we strictly observe the pH of both kinds – then both should be exactly 7 (neutral). But there is more than acid levels when talking about drinking waters.

Your body wants some essential minerals. And this is why DI wins over distillation regarding drinking purposes. A RO machine adds back essential minerals back into your glass of liquid, which is not possible in distillation.

Distilled water is best used for laboratory experiments and pharmaceutical industries where high purity of water is needed.

The most important reason for preferring deionized water over distilled is however economical. Distillation is a very expensive process and takes a lot of time and effort. You can deionize the same given quantity in one tenths (or even lesser) of cost and labor over distillation process.

Back to pH discussions – check the pH of both waters once. Don’t be surprised to find them below 7! Actually it is theoretical suggestions that the waters should be neutral however experimentally it is very difficult to measure them on a pH indicator.

Why can you not measure the pH of deionised water?

Generally a 5.8 rating is observed whenever you dip your pH stick in distilled and deionized waters. This means that the water has acids (carbonic) present.

The science is simple. When the water comes in contact with air, (which has carbon dioxide CO2 present) Carbon Dioxide starts dissolving in the liquid. The reaction results in the formation of carbonic acid H2CO3, which lowers the pH. Carbonic acid is the acid present in your soft drink beverages.

Another factor which makes measurements difficult is the temperature of the solution. Different temperatures result in varied readings. Commonly water at higher degrees display lower pH’s. Exact 7 (or slightly less than 7) is generally observed at 25 degrees (Celsius).

So should you check the pH instantly after deionization or distillation? And is it necessary to keep the D.I. and distilled water from being exposed to air (carbon dioxide)?

Even if you try this – you will not see the desired 7. In reality the readings on the meter fluctuates and does not give exact values.

The electrodes of a pH meter calculate ion concentration of a solution to evaluate pH power. However as deionization is removing ions – the solution does not have enough ions for the electrodes to function. This is the reason for the fluctuations.

In lab experiments deionized and distilled water bottle is closed with a special tube which has an expansion filled with CaO. CaO inhibits carbon dioxide from dissolving into the bottled water by reacting with it. The waters are carbonic acid free but still they lack ions.

For further calibration purposes and precise pH measurements of distilled deionized waters – Ionic Strength Adjusters are used. A strength adjuster adds extra ions in the water without changing the pH. This gives something for the electrodes and then you can have a reading.

However in regular households we are not going to go through all these hassles. So the basic line is that you will not be able to measure the pH of deionized water accurately. But the water is pretty much less acidic in comparison to tap waters.

Tap waters have enough minerals present to allow a pH electrode to display below 5 levels. Sometimes your coffee cup is less acidic than the water you are drinking!

What is the pH of Aquafina water?

Aquafina is a major brand – advertised as a leading producer of pure water. The brand is owned by PepsiCo and is supplied all over the world. You can even find it in your local gas stations and food courts.

The company claims to tap only pure water which is “neutral” too. However have you ever dipped your pH kits in any of their bottles.

We conducted an experiment ourselves to find out the pH. Aquafina bottle scores a 6.0 in our testing results. Making it as one of the most acidic bottled water out there in the market.

Rumors are that most inexpensive water brands are tap waters and have carbonic acid (or carbon compounds) dissolved. Aquafina is one of them. So is it drinkable or not?

Although the company sources its liquid from tap waters – they have a multi-step filtration process. A rigorous 7-step process filters the water and after several checks and measures the bottles are made available for consumption.

So although a little acidic – but water is definitely safer and healthier than tap waters.

However if you want to go for fresh neutral water – then you may need to shell out some dollars and move from distilled deionized to alkaline waters.

Below is a list of top eight healthy water brands – which you can order for a safe and healthy drink.

  • Evian Natural Spring
  • Voss Artesian
  • Hildon
  • Saint Geron
  • Gerolsteiner
  • Fiji Natural Artesian
  • Perrier
  • Ferrarelle

The above brands are almost acid (carbon dioxide) free alkaline waters. Evian clocks 7.2 pH, and others are nearer to these figures. Some of the brands also have alkaline minerals and negative oxidation reduction potential (ORP – the ability of water to function as an antioxidant).

Although a little heavy on pockets, alkaline water is scientifically proven to have a lot of health benefits, for example

  • boosting immune system
  • colon-cleansing and improving bowel activities
  • anti-aging properties (via liquid antioxidants that absorb more quickly into the human body)
  • detoxifying skin and other skin health enhancements
  • weight loss
  • cancer prevention.

You can give these brands a try and look if they suit you.

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How effective are Brita filters?

Water! It?s the stuff of life and you have got to admit it, it?s everyones go to. For most people water is the first and the last thing we have every single day.

Maybe that?s why we are ever seeking for that perfect, crystal clear glass of lifes perfect nectar.

Here is where filtration establishes itself as the medium of the moment. It?s not a new science, every school child knows this. But it has become one of high importance for every switched on modern day man, modern day woman and modern day child. One of the most popular filters is Brita, so here, let’s talk about how effective are Brita filters.

Water is our diet guru, it helps us digest, it hydrates us and energises us. So filtering out those nasty bacteria and of course traces of metallic mineral monsters is a must.

Ok, it?s only a glass of water and filter systems are becoming common place. But how effective are they and which one should you buy?

Well the short answer is, they improve our water, and they remove toxins. They actually do what we the consumer want them to do. So yes they are effective and they meet our expectations.

Are Brita filters effective?

When you have decided to go online or to your nearest store, you will find a caution on every box, it?s universal across all the brands.

But don?t worry it?s nothing to lose sleep over. We will demystify it here, but to be very honest most of you won?t need our help.

What?s the warning? It?s a simple one, ?Brita recommends that you get your water tested before you purchase?, so that you get the right one for you.

The higher percentage of us just go out and buy the one of our choice and no further issue to be mindful of. No moments of heart aching angst.

I know I did, I bought one that?s hidden away under my sink!

Why? Because that?s the one I wanted.

Whereas my mother plumbed (pardon the pun) for the handy jug type, because and I quote ?it?s cool?.


A little of the technical stuff

Here are some of the facts, the filters are designed to remove some of the little evils that we don?t want. But none of them are built to be the panacea of our expectations.

They can?t be, science is great but it seems not that great! Not yet!

That?s why Brita offer several types of filtration systems. There are 3 main types, there are the Pitcher?s (go mum) these have replaceable filters, there are faucet filtration systems (yeah me) and refrigerator filters (I must mention my Aunt Margaret and my sister).

Don?t be too complacent, although they remove bacteria along with traces of metals such as Copper, Mercury, Cadmium and Lead.

They cannot catch everything. Some bacteria are just too small.

There?s also the small matter that just like many of sciences wonderful gifts. They are based on designs first introduced by Mother Nature.

So don?t be surprised to find that some friendlier bacteria help in the process.

I like to find out for myself, so a short while ago I powered up my favorite search engine and began a thorough research.

Of course, we all have some of the basics! There?s hard water and soft water and there?s traces of minerals, some good, and some bad. But it?s much more complicated than that. Isn?t it always!

Each filtration system is limited in its design. They simply cannot catch all and this is where your local type of water has its say.

If you want to get technical you can ask your water provider for their ?Consumer confidence report?. This will detail where your water comes from, how it is purified and a list of contaminants.

In all of this I found myself thinking just this!

If a filtration system does actually filter but it cannot eliminate everything. Then it doesn?t really matter too much, which one I choose. Just as long as the distilled product I wish to attain is healthier, drinkable, thirst quenching and refreshing.

So with that in mind and accepting that I had already chosen a type of system, all I needed to do was dive in and check out those reviews.

Where to find filters

My favored port of call? Why Amazon of course! On this platform I can view the product. There?s details for those of us who are techies and bingo! Yes, those important customer reviews.

Now when you are checking out the reviews. Be mindful that there will be some angry Sam?s adding to the list. You can easily recognize these, they will use lots of adjectives like ?disgusted?, ?appalled? and their writing will be unbalanced.

Ok, back to the search! I decided to highlight a brand for each of the 3 main areas of filtration. You might want to have all 3, it?s not too bad an idea.

3. Faucet (under sink) Filtration system

This one?s great, it has lots of positive reviews. It?s easy to install, and you to have o be a handy man.

It?s robust and maintenance free. Don?t forget, you can if you don?t mind paying a little extra, get your local plumber to pop it in for you.

Oh, and the water? It tastes great, it feels great too, a positive, refreshing experience.

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2. Refrigerator System

For the refrigerator system, I will add caution here.

Each manufacturer of Refrigerators have their own system and often they can be built in.

But if you want one that is a bit more universal then there are choices that you can add to your existing fridge. If this choice is the one for you, again you will find it easy to install and effective.

Make sure you check your Refrigerator model before you buy!

Best GE MWF Refrigerator Water Filter Smartwater Compatible Cartridge

1. Pitcher Water Filter System

This is choice number 1. People love it because it?s always to hand, it?s very affective. The water tastes great and it?s at a very affordable price.

Another aspect of the water pitcher is that it makes a statement to your guests. ?Look, I care about my health and yours so I ensure we have healthy clean filtered water?!

You can opt to go for something expensive, but the water jug has stood the test of time.

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  • Get great tasting water without the waste

Happy Hydrating, Folks!

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Is Bottled Water Distilled? Your questions answered

Distilled water is the purest form of water available. Most people tend to assume that all bottled water has been through water distillation, but this is not the case.

The USA populace is one of the leading consumers of bottled water in the world, making it necessary for one to know whether it is distilled or not.

is bottled water distilled

Is bottled water always distilled?

Now that we are in the know of what distilled water is, it is also vital that we understand what bottled water is. In many regions of the world, bottled water is considered safe for drinking when compared to other sources such as a water spring.

It’s important to note is that not all bottled water is distilled. The process costs a fortune; therefore, most companies opt for other methods to remove contaminants. ?

The source of the water varies from one area to the next. spring and tap water are among the top sources of water.

The sizes range from single-serve bottles to large ones that you can use for an extended period in a household.

There are different types of bottled water, and water purified through any process can be bottled. The purification process varies for the various brands available in the market.

Is distilled water always healthy?

Although the process gives you pure water, this does not mean that it is the healthiest. This technique strips the tap water of fluoride and all-natural minerals. It is pure, but its benefits to the body are minimal.

Additionally, this type of drinking water tends to pull minerals from whatever it comes into contact with to achieve balance. It will absorb minerals from your body, and this could be detrimental to your well-being in the long run.

Distillation of water is a process that gets rid of impurities in-ground or tap water using boiling. The water has to reach its boiling point, and the heat destroys the contaminants in the tap or spring water.

This is one of the purified types of water, but the process and results are diverse from the rest hence the separation. Purified water is filtered through different means. Some of the conventional water purification methods are:

Reverse osmosis (RO): this process helps improve the taste, smell, and appearance of water. It is an effective method for sea and spring water, but you are not limited to these options.

RO works through the introduction of a high-pressure pump that pushed the water through a semi-permeable membrane. This membrane helps remove dissolved inorganic solids such as lead and pesticides from the drinking water, making it clean.

Filtration: this is the mechanical separation of one substance from another is the principle that this method relies on to get rid of contaminants from tap and spring water, among others.

Contemporary filtration systems use carbon as the central element in the system. Activated carbon filter (ACF) is one of the common components that commercial filters have.

Water purified through this system may not be pure but it is better than tap water.

Chlorination: Of the three methods that we discuss herein, this is the most widely used in the world. Chlorine, a heavy-duty oxidant, is used to destroy any disease-causing micro-organisms found in tap and groundwater.

It is one of the practical techniques that has been around for many years. It is ideal for large scale water treatment. When used in excess, chlorine becomes unfit for human consumption.

What Brand of Bottled Water is Distilled?

Most companies prefer not to use this process when removing impurities from the drinking water. This process is energy-intensive, and the water it produces is pure but tasteless.

Renowned brands in the bottled water business pride in using other methods of purification to make the water safe for human consumption. The different forms of physical processes, such as filtration and sedimentation, are preferred over distilling.

This is not to say that no company distills its drinking water. Some brands boast of making the purest form of water derived from natural sources such as spring water. They use distillation to achieve this.

Glaceau Smartwater is a brand that uses distillation to clean its water in readiness for bottling. Some mineral electrolytes, such as calcium and magnesium, are added back to the pure water.

Coca-cola company has all rights reserved for this product. Over the years, this brand has grown to be among the top five bottled water brands in the country and other parts of the world as well.

It is available in the United Kingdom, India, France, Australia, and Croatia, among other countries. Many other brands of bottled drinking water use the distillation method out here. Read the labeling when buying water to know which process a company uses to distill water before bottling.

Is Dasani bottled water distilled?

Dasani is made using purified water. The purification technique that the manufacturer uses is reverse osmosis. The product you buy is tap water that has been filtered and bottled with added minerals such as sodium. Dasani uses tap water from the local municipal in jurisdiction they operate in.

This, therefore, means that the content varies from one region to the next. Spring water and tap water, for instance, have different taste and odor.

Coca Cola owns this brand, and they claim that the multi-barrier treatment system that they use ensures that the Dasani water has consistent taste irrespective of the source. However water drinking enthusiasts do not agree with this sentiment.

Purified water vs. distilled water

The question of whether one can use purified water instead of distilled comes up often. The purpose of the water will help you pick the right choice for the task at hand. Purified water is that which has been filtered or processed to remove impurities.

Chemicals, allergens, and heavy metals are among the removable contaminants when using the different processes. The major difference between distilled and purified water is the technique used to get rid of the impurities.

During processing, distilled water loses both contaminants and minerals. For purified water, the various processes eliminate contaminants but leave the minerals intact.

Distilled water, as we discuss above, goes through the distillation process. Purified water, on the other hand, goes through reverse osmosis, sand filtration, sedimentation, and disinfection are among the standard methods used to clean water.

The choice of whether to go with purified or distilled water depends on the usage of the same. If the process you want to undertake indicates that you should use distilled water, do not go against this instruction.

When buying any form of purified water, ensure that you are aware of the technique used. This is critical because some processes such as chlorination may be harmful for human consumption.

Availability of distilled water

Distilled water is available in many parts of the world. You can buy distilled water or produce some in your home. Over the years, producers in this realm have developed machinery that you can use to make distilled water in the comfort of your home.

The same applies for purified water. You can buy filtration systems that clean, and you can drink spring water or any other directly from the faucet. If you reside in an area with a water spring, you can take advantage and distill water for home use.

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Water tastes sweet: Reasons why that can be happening

Normally, Water is believed to be tasteless. It is the baseline in which all the flavors dissolve and gives you sense of different stimulus.

If water tastes sweet, sour, bitter or any other flavor then that can be because of two reasons:

  1. Minerals and chemicals present alters water taste. Elements other than hydrogen and oxygen – imbalances gives it a metallic tint and a chlorine like smell. Sometimes even the pH and alkaline levels alteration can be a reason for water tasting a little bitter.
  2. Water tastes similar to what you consumed just prior to drinking it. For example – If you had something sugary water taste becomes sweet. This is commonly known as “Aftertastes of water”. Our taste cells adapt to the stimulus of the taste of food because even they have a little memory. This is same like an after-image observed after a dark colored picture.

As you drink water (which is mostly tasteless) – the taste buds give you the stimulus of what they have tasted just prior to it.

So don’t panic if water seems to taste sweet to you!

Why does water taste sweeter to me?

  • Some minerals especially calcium and iron produces a sweet taste when present in large quantities. Tap Water is deliberately mixed with these minerals to make it a little bit sugared.
  • Some individuals have extremely sensitive palates to sweetness. Little amount of sugar will make them feel like they have dipped their tongues in honey.
  • Even your olfactory response can deceive you. A sweet smell present in water can sometimes make you feel you are tasting something sweet.
  • Lastly – check your pipe lines and flush out the residues in your plumbing zones. Minerals and chemicals deposition in pipes can also be the reason your tap always delivers sweet water.

Although it is important that you enjoy fresh, clean water, balanced in it’s tastes. Water should not taste sugary!

Tips to improve your drinking water quality

Below are some steps which will help you improve the sense of taste of your drinking water.

  • Clean the pipes and other valves – which might be the source of added unwanted minerals in your glass of water.
  • Try Aeration and activated carbon filtration to remove undesirable taste and odor from regular tap water.
  • You can also bring a filtered water cooler which will help neutralize over sweetness. It will also improve overall quality of your household drinking water.
  • Go for chlorination once in 3 – 4 months.
  • If you want more healthier water than add alkaline minerals which will adjust the pH’s.
  • Air injections are also an option for Iron, Sulfur, and Manganese removal. It is a bit costlier, but after all it is for the liquid of life. So every penny spent is an investment on yourself and your family.

However if water always?tastes sweet to you even after all these filtration techniques then there may be some medical conditions which can be the reasons for this taste.

What causes a sweet taste in the mouth?

Sweetness is one the four basic tastes – which humans sense of. Our taste buds can perceive stimuli of sour, salt and bitter flavors (There is a fifth balanced flavor too – known as Umami which we can taste).

Natural sweeteners like honey, fructose rich fruits and raw sugar leaves a sweet note on tongues. Taste buds perceive the sweet taste, and activates the responsible hormones. These signals are then carried to neurons which carry the sensation to your brain resulting in sweet taste in your mouth.

All this is biologically normal.

But if you have a sweet taste in your mouth – always – for instance water always tastes sweet – then there are certain medical conditions you need to evaluate.

Below is a list of possibilities which can cause a persistent sugary flavor:

  • Diabetes
  • Ketoacidosis
  • Infections
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Lung Cancer
  • Neurological conditions
  • Pregnancy
  • Medications
  • Low-carb dieting

This is not medical advice. Please see your doctor if you are concerned about your health or plan to make any changes to your lifestyle.

Is a sweet taste in mouth diabetes?

The most common of all the possibilities for a sweet flavor in mouth or especially water taste sweet – is Diabetes and Ketoacidosis.

Diabetes affects insulin which control’s blood sugar levels. If it inhibits insulin production – then sugar levels rise in the blood stream. This is the reason – diabetic patients might have a sugary feel always.

Sweet taste is accompanied by other symptoms too. Check for other indicators. If you find something unusual – get yourself diagnosed.

Diabetes may also cause Ketoacidosis. This results in the consumption of fats by the body and leaving behind sugars. The outcome is access build up of Ketones – an acid.

Ketoacidosis is a serious medical complication which should not be taken lightly. And one of the signs indicating excess keytones is a sweet fruity smell and taste in your mouth (or in your water).

Can menopause cause a sugary taste in mouth?

Menopause causes a lot of physical and emotional changes in women nearing fifties and above.

There is a huge misconception that water may taste sweet when you reach menopause. In fact the science is quite opposite.

Menopause cause a drop in?estrogen?levels as the ovaries stop producing eggs. A drop in estrogen levels reduces the amount of moisture available (not just affecting below abdominal regions, but impacts the whole body).

So basically when estrogen is reduced your skin, eyes, sinuses, vagina and your mouth loses moisture. This results in lesser saliva production.

Saliva is the fluid which breaks down the food and dissolves them – and then taste buds can sense tastes. As saliva decreases so does your sensation of taste. For this reason even sugars don’t taste sweet prior to what they used to. Forget water tasting sugary!

In fact women nearing menopause have a constant bitter, metallic feel and mostly water does not have a sweet taste to the.

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Shower water smells like rotten eggs: What now?

Are you occasionally greeted with an unpleasant, irritating and pungent smell of rotten eggs when you open your tap or shower?

If yes, then you might probably be facing largely common bacteria known as Sulfur reducing bacteria.

As the name indicates these bacteria reduce the sulfur found in the water or on the ground and thrives on it.

Sulfur is a very common chemical found in the ground and in water. The bacteria uses sulfur as an energy source and survives in places with low-oxygen levels, that is why it is most commonly found in low-lying, damp and less ventilated areas like wells, pipelines, plumbing systems, drainage and sewers.

But the rotten egg smell which reeks from the water or faucets is the by-product of the bacteria. The bacterium creates a gas called Hydrogen Sulfide by breaking down organic materials. Because of its strong stench Hydrogen sulfide is also known as sewer gas. It is heavier than air, which is the reason why it stays in these low areas.

Now organic matter like hair and soap attracts sulfur reducing bacteria to our drains.

Where is the rotten egg smell coming from?

Before you start looking for a solution to this smell problem, the first step you must take is to find out where exactly the smell is originating from.

Rotten egg smell coming from hot water

If you think that the smell is coming from only hot water, then the smell might be originating from the water heater tank.

To be sure of that, just switch on the water heater and collect some hot water in a vessel along with some cold water in a different vessel. Then try to identify which vessel gives out that strong stench of rotten eggs. If the smell is just in the hot water and not in the cold water or water from other faucets, then you have successfully pinpointed the water heater tank as your source of the foul smelling gas.

Why does only one faucet smell like rotten eggs?

If you feel that the smell is coming in just one faucet, irrespective of it being hot water or cold water, then you can follow these steps to identify the source of the smell.

  1. Collect some water from the faucet you feel is giving out the rotten egg smell.
  2. Collect water from other faucets also in a different vessel.
  3. Try to identify that rotting smell in the collected water.

If you find that water collected from only one or more, but not all have that smell, then you can be sure that the problem and source of the smell are just those faucets.

Rotten egg smell is coming from all the faucets

And lastly if you find the rotten egg smell no matter which faucet you use or what temperature the water is at. Then probably, your water source; be it a well or a municipal water connection, is contaminated with hydrogen sulfide gas.

City waters are usually treated with chlorine to disinfect it from some chemicals like sulfur. So the rotten egg smell mostly won?t be in these water systems.

It is mostly found in where the water supply is from ground water like wells. Especially in wells built in shale or sandstone or near coal, peat deposits or oil fields. Well waters are more susceptible and prone to these bacteria as the water is untreated by chlorine. The ground water picks up hydrogen sulfide and then it is released in the bathroom.

Is rotten egg smelling water harmful?

Scientifically, Hydrogen sulfide is a colorless, flammable and potentially hazardous gas that gives out a smell similar to rotten eggs. It is also a chemical asphyxiant. It is a risk to your health only when there are high levels of the gas in your water.

If not, then as far as your health is the concern, you don?t have to worry much about anything. On the other hand you will find many people and studies suggesting the health benefits of sulfur.

What you need to really worry about is how it affects the pipelines and other metallic things. It is usually found that hydrogen sulfide corrodes iron, steel, copper and brass.

It can also cause black color stains on your plumbing fixtures and other silverware. Washing and cleaning clothes becomes difficult as the gas decreases the detergent?s power. More than that, it can corrode the exposed metals in your washing machine giving you a real hard time.

According to OSHA:

  • Hydrogen sulfide in low levels can cause irritation to the eyes, nose and throat, especially for asthma patients. If exposures to these low levels are for a long time then it can also lead to fatigue, headache, insomnia and digestive disturbances.
  • Hydrogen sulfide in moderate levels can cause severe eye irritation, nausea, vomiting and headaches.
  • Hydrogen sulfide in High levels can cause convulsions, unconsciousness, coma and sometimes even death.

Some people also say that sulfur can cause diarrhea and dehydration in infants. According to other reports, continuous exposure to low level hydrogen sulfide has been one of the contributing factors in increased miscarriage and reproductive health issues.

However in homes hydrogen sulfide is almost found in levels up to 1-5ppm, which poses no major health risks.

How do you get the sulfur smell out of your drain?

Now that you know the source of the rotten egg smell, the next step would be to test the water for hydrogen sulfide levels. On the basis of these two things will you be able to decide a perfect and specific solution for your problem.

You can always test the water manually or you can send it to the lab. The simplest way is to take a sulfur stick which looks an oral thermometer and place it in a glass filled with your tap water. Remember to break the ends of the stick before you immerse it in the water. It will soon start changing color at the bottom. In some five minutes the stick will tell you the exact level of the gas.

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Manually testing water is mostly recommended when there is a smell coming out from only one faucet. But when the entire water source is giving away this gas, then you should probably call the experts.

After the source and level of the gas is determined. It is time for you to finalize a solution.

Chlorine treatment ? it is one of the ways in which chlorine is injected in the water and disinfects the gas method. It is a good disinfectant. It requires a contact tank.

Chlorine bleach is also effective in removing medium to high levels if hydrogen sulfide.

Water softening- Water treatments like water softener with a carbon filter also works well. There are some household water softeners, but they are not the best solution because it may temporarily solve the problem, sometimes it gets clogged and doesn?t remove the sulfur.

Hydrogen Peroxide– sulfur cannot be filtered directly, they are to be oxidized. By injecting hydrogen peroxide you can eradicate the problem once and for all. It is composed of same elements as water so it is one of the very best ways to remove hydrogen sulfide it oxidizes the water to remove hydrogen sulfide. It oxidizes iron and manganese as well.

Ozone filter – Ozone is also used, but it is not that efficient, you have to get a ozone generator. It can be very corrosive. It works on small amounts of sulfur.

Iron filter – Iron removal filter is good for removing low to moderate levels of hydrogen sulfide.

Aeration – There is another way that is by aerating the water. It may not always produce good results.

People also suggest using baking soda and vinegar. The vinegar and baking soda cleans the soap residue and helps unclog the drains. Lemon juice will also have a good effect.

You can also Flush and drain the hot water heater every 6 months to get rid of this problem. And Clear your pipes and drainage system by just running water for 10 minutes.

These will help you solve the problem if the smell is coming from a single faucet, drain and the pipeline. Filtration systems will work well for the water source. Some even suggest trying to drill a new well with provisions for eliminating this gas.

Treating the Water heater

If the water heater has not been used in a while, the gas will be accumulated and released. Inside the water heater, there is an anode rod made of magnesium and aluminum. Hydrogen sulfide attacks the magnesium rod, creating the rotten egg smell. You can replace the magnesium and aluminum anode rod with wither a zinc and aluminum rod or a powered rod. But remember not to remove the rod, as it will decrease the life of your water heater. Active use of the heater can also reduce the problem.

You can also soften the water before it gets to the heater. As the heater heats it releases sulfur. In case if the problem persists, then you can disinfect your hot water heater with some hydrogen peroxide.

Sometimes softening the water increases the problem, as the anode rod becomes more corrosive creating hydrogen sulfide. This is because the conductivity of the anode rod increases by the softening process.

Another way to kill these bacteria is by increasing the temperature to 160 degrees Fahrenheit. But it all depends on the type of water heater, as some water heaters don?t support the hot temperature needed to kill the bacteria.

Let?s hope this rotten smell doesn?t stay any more of a problem for your house.

Clu In participates in the Amazon Associates affiliate program as well as other affiliate programs. If you make a purchase from a link on this site, we may earn a small commission at no extra cost to you. Thank you for your support!

Water smells like bleach? Here’s what you can do about it

Even though drinking water must meet strict criteria these days, it does not mean that you cannot encounter any unwanted smells. One of the most common unwanted smells is a chlorine or bleach smell, which certainly makes you think twice about drinking your daily glass of water. But where does this smell come from? And is there any way to remove it? Read on to find out!

What Is The Cause Of Water Smelling Like Bleach?

While the smell of bleach in your water supply may seem alarming to you, the chances that your drinking supply contains harmful contaminants or chemical compounds is unlikely. Even though water can contain some trace amounts of chemicals, they are safe for consumption.

There can be several reasons why your water smells like bleach. One of the most common causes is chlorine. When your water has high levels of chlorine, it can cause this distinctive bleach or chlorine smell.

The levels of chlorine found in your drinking water are not harmful, but they can smell and taste unpleasant. The chlorine is added to the water for a specific reason, as the environmental protection agency requires chlorine to be added in order to disinfect the water. Therefore, the chlorine actually makes the water safe to drink.

Of course, there are levels of chlorine that can be harmful. If you want to test the water, the chlorine in the water should be under 4 milligrams per liter. A chlorine smell is usually detectable from 1 milligram per liter.

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How Can I Remove The Chlorine Or Bleach Smell From My Drinking Water?

There are several ways to deal with the chlorine smell. One of the simplest ways is leaving a supply of water in the refrigerator for a little bit. You can also boil the tap water to remove the bleach smell from it.

If you are concerned with the strength of the bleach smell coming from your tap, you can also call your local utility company. Since you have zero input on how much chlorine is put in your tap water, you can always contact the company responsible to discuss the problem you are having.

Nowadays, you can also obtain so-called dechlorination tablets. These tablets come in various strengths. Some of them can even remove chlorine in as much as 100 gallons of water; this through the use of a single tablet.

Some homeowners use the trick of the vitamin C tablet. Vitamin C tablets are known to neutralize chlorine in the water as well. So, if you cannot find any dechlorination tablets nearby, try some vitamin C tablets instead. Still, you must be prepared for the fact that this will add vitamin C to the water.

One of the most effective ways to remove the chlorine smell from water is still a carbon filter. Carbon filters have the ability to absorb chlorine, leaving you with clean smelling water.

When you purchase a water purifier, which we will mention in a little more detail below, it is most likely equipped with a carbon filter or a so-called UV filter. Purifiers such as this are more found in office environments than home environments; this has something to do with their overall cost.

Finally, you can also invest in a water purifier, which filters your water and removes contaminants from it. While this might be a considerable investment, it eliminates having to contact the utility company or buying large supplies of tablets to get your water smelling clean. Remember to clean your fridge filter too!

Is Water That Smells Of Chlorine Safe To Drink?

As we mentioned earlier, the bleach smell of drinking water is usually not harmful. As long as the chlorine levels are below 4 milligram per liter, you can drink tap water safely.

Since the addition of chlorine is a vital part of making water safe for consumption, there is no way to truly avoid it. Chlorine is actually necessary to remove any remaining bacteria, viruses, and even parasites from your drinking water. Therefore, not adding chlorine would be more dangerous than not.

Some homeowners have chlorinated water that smells stronger than others, and this comes down to how much chlorine has been added by the water supplier.

For example, if the level exceeds 1 milligram per liter, then a chlorine smell is likely. When someone lives some distance away from the water supplier, it is not uncommon for the supplier to add a higher level of chlorine; this to ensure that the water is still free of bacteria and viruses when it reaches you.

So, the short answer to the question is yes, it is safe to drink. Notwithstanding, a lot of people find the smell and taste of chlorine bothersome. If this is the case for you, you can use one of the water treatment solutions above.

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How To Make Hydrogen Water

Drinking a lot of water is what most people give utmost priority nowadays. After all, water is very necessary for survival and maintenance of homeostasis. Water is also important in digestion and in maintaining a very healthy skin. But drinking some kind of water can do a lot of harm in the body much more than the good it does. For example, some tap water might contain toxins such as chlorine, fluoride and arsenic.

This singular reason should make you choosy in the kind of water you drink. A properly filtered water reduces the amount of toxins you ingest in water and increases the alkaline minerals you ingest in mineral rich alkaline water, promoting natural detoxification in the body.

According to The Home Dweller website, hydrogen water, known as the wellness water of the 21st century is worth an excitement from you due to the numerous benefits derived from taking the water. It has been proven from scientific studies that healing springs found around the world, in places like japan, Mexico, India and the popularly known Lourdes in France are truly therapeutic because they have hydrogen gas dissolved in them.

What is molecular hydrogen?

Hydrogen is the first element on the scientific periodic table. It consist of just one electron and one proton, making it the lightest and simplest element on the periodic table. It is the most abundant of all the element found in the universe.

Hydrogen exist majorly as gas and will rarely exist in a molecular form. This makes it exist mostly in bond in chemical compounds such as water, oil, gas and a wide range of organic and synthetic chemicals.

Molecular Hydrogen is a gas, odorless and tasteless, with actions found to be potentially therapeutic in all organ found in the human body. It might have the potential to protect against about 150 diseases.

When hydrogen gas is added to water, it is able to modulate cell signaling activity, providing a wide range of benefits such as anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity, and anti-allergy. It has also been found to have anti-oxidant effect in reducing the toxins in the body.

Discovery of hydrogen water

The hydrogen water was discovered in the water called the healing waters of Nordenau Germany, Tlacote Mexico, and Hita Tenryousi Japan.

These spring waters react with alkali earth metals to produce molecular hydrogen gas. The bacteria and algae found in the water also produce hydrogen gas which make abundance of hydrogen present in the spring water.

How to make hydrogen water

The popular method in making hydrogen water is the electrolysis of water which can be achieved by passing an electric current through water. The principle involved in the electrolysis of water involve splitting water which is made up of hydrogen and oxygen into its component and dissolving it in water.

The kinds of water gotten through this process is referred to as ionized alkaline water, that is water with increased hydrogen content and ionized acidic water, meaning water with increased oxygen content.

A more effective and convenient method of making hydrogen water is dipping metallic magnesium in water. This is a chemical reaction which produces molecular hydrogen on the breaking of the bond between the molecules of water.

Research individuals have come up with different ideas on how to make this preparation easier and easily accessible every day. One method of producing the hydrogen water is the use of a magnesium rod kept in a bottle of water which can be refilled when the level of water is low. This rod can last for several months before it is being replaced.

A more user friendly preparation of hydrogen rich water which is the addition of a tablet of micronized elemental magnesium into water, allowing it to dissolve. A large dose of molecular hydrogen, which is about 1.6 to 2.6 part per million is generated from this method. A tablet dropped into a bottle of water and tightly capped for about 10 to 15 minutes will generate hydrogen bubbles which will dissolve in the water.

Hydrogen water is an inexpensive and safe therapy for prevention of diseases, treatment of illnesses and health maintenance.

The properties of hydrogen that makes it serve as an antioxidant

Oxygen is needed for the survival of human, but not all the oxygen we take in is utilized. The unutilized oxygen are converted to free radicals that has the ability to attach to other cells in the body. When they get attached to the cell, they start a process called oxidation which causes the cells to decay and cause a process of damage to the proteins of the cell, lipids and the DNA.

A daily intake of hydrogen rich alkaline water will help in fighting the process by the delivery of hydrogen to tackle the free radicals and break the gas molecules down into atoms. The hydrogen water works with effect by neutralizing the free radicals.